Encuentro Latinoamericano, Volume 1

Published on June 1, 2015.

doi: 10.22151/ELA.1.1

The Editorial Note

The Table of Contents

The Full Issue

The Editorial Board

Responsible: The IAPSS Executive Committee, represented by Vit Simral, Head of Academic Department, and David Vasquez, editor-in-chief of Encuentro Latinoamericano.

Copyright © 2015 International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS). All rights reserved.

Included in this issue


Papers


O México na integração Latino Americana

by Beatriz Walid de Magalhães Naddi

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 1: 6–29

doi: 10.22151/ELA.1.1.1

Apesar de México e América Latina apresentarem diversos fatores de aproximação como idioma, cultura e passado semelhantes, identificou-se uma dificuldade para o estabelecimento de vínculos mais profundos, não só entre o Estado mexicano e a região, mas entre os países latino-americanos como um todo. Dado isso, se analisa a integração latino-americana ao longo da história, destacando-se a inserção e participação do México em tal processo. Com base na análise de acordos e dados quantitativos de comércio, avalia-se o perfil da relação do México com determinados blocos regionais e seus respectivos membros. Ao final, verifica-se que, em função da diversidade de blocos regionais e de suas respectivas características, existe na região um processo de integração muito mais fragmentado do que o esperado. Consequentemente, essa característica reflete na forma como o México busca inserir-se na região.


Lack of Preferences Political Trust and Education Levels

by Guilherme Arbache, Danilo Freire, Pietro Rodrigues

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 1: 30–51

doi: 10.22151/ELA.1.1.2

This paper explores the causes of invalid voting in Brazilian elections. Given that invalid ballot rates tend to be higher where voting is compulsory, the correlates of invalid votes in those countries deserve attention. In this regard, Brazil provides an ideal case for analysing the issue. Brazil not only has the largest electorate of all democracies with compulsory voting laws, but it has also introduced electronic ballots, what has been responsible for a considerable decline in the invalid vote rates. Using data from ESEB, a public opinion survey on elections, we perform a series of logistic regressions to analyse the 2010 presidential, gubernatorial and parliamentary elections, and evaluate the impact of political disaffection and educational level on invalid voting behaviour. We also test a third explanation that so far has not received much – 30 – attention of scholars: the sheer lack of preference over the running candidates, regardless of distrust levels. Our analyses find that lack of preference has a significant impact on invalid voting at all government levels. Education is negatively correlated with invalid voting, but it is significant only for the presidential elections, a result that confirms the role of the complexity of Brazilian parliamentary elections on invalid voting. Low evaluation of institutions has an impact only over certain types of elections.


What are the implications of locating the origins of universal equality and liberty within the 18th Century Western revolutions

by Ioana Cerasella Chis

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 1: 52–71

doi: 10.22151/ELA.1.1.3

This paper engages with notions of racial slavery, equality, liberty and universality, to illustrate the complexity, dynamics and inter-dependencies of processes and events of the 18th Century. Without an engagement with the context, experiences and contributions of the Haitian Revolution to the creation and legacy of freedom, equality and universality, the history of these political ideals is incomplete. Indeed, the political struggle of revolutionary enslaved men and women not only abolished slavery and established the independence of Saint Domingue as Haiti, but it also substituted the particularistic and colonial ‘universality’ invoked by the French revolutionaries with a new, open ontology of the ‘human’ who no longer could be regarded as property. Hence, the historian of political thought ought to reconfigure dominant narratives, to think differently outside of hierarchy, and to acknowledge the revolutionary events which contributed to the creation of possibilities for new futures, directions and politics.


El impacto de la ayuda externa en el crecimiento económico de América Latina

by Antonella Bancalari & Adriana Bonifaz

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 1: 72–98

doi: 10.22151/ELA.1.1.4

La presente investigación analiza el impacto de los flujos de ayuda externa en el crecimiento económico de los países de America Latina. Para ello, se trabaja un panel data controlado por efectos fijos utilizando data de 19 países de America Latina entre los años 1960 y 2009. Encontramos que entre 1960 y 1979 efectivamente la ayuda externa tuvo un impacto positivo sujeto a adecuadas políticas macroeconómicas e institucionalidad. También econtramos que la ayuda externa tiene un impacto negativo en el crecimiento de los países con menor ingreso de América Latina, lo que implicaría que podría haber dependencia de la ayuda afectando el crecimiento. Finalmente, se encontró que los donantes favorecen la colocación de ayuda externa en países con estabilidad macroeconmica y política. Cabe resaltar que variables como población e importación de armas también resultaron importantes para determinar la estrategia de colocación de la ayuda externa.


Book Reviews


Reflexiones sobre la Guerra

by Viviana Paola López Páez

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 1: 99–102

doi: 10.22151/ELA.1.1.5


Las cacerias del hombre. Historia y filosofía del poder cinegético

by Melany Cruz

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 1: 103–107

doi: 10.22151/ELA.1.1.6