Encuentro Latinoamericano, Volume 2

Publication date: November 2015.

doi: 10.22151/ELA.2.1

The Editorial Note

The Table of contents

The Full Issue

The Editorial Board

Responsible: The IAPSS Executive Committee, represented by Vit Simral, Head of Academic Department, and David Vasquez, editor-in-chief of Encuentro Latinoamericano.

Copyright © 2015 International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS). All rights reserved.

Included in this issue


Papers


Microcitizenships amidst Post-Neoliberal Insecurity: The Political Articulation of Contentious Entitlements among the Middle Class in Salta, Argentina 

by  Jesse Jonkman

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 2: 6-29

doi: 10.22151/ELA.2.1.1

Post-national literature continues to depict citizenship as a status that clearly distinguishes insiders from outsiders. Writing against such groupism, this paper argues that in the Argentine city of Salta, temporal, multi-scalar notions of citizenship exist in fractious encounters. Using ethnographically derived data, the paper illustrates how middle class informants invoked transnational images of civil belonging to stake their political claims on the national state. This way, the research moves beyond conventional scholarly writing that emphasizes how normative civil boundaries are constructed vis-à-vis extra-national outsiders. Instead, middle class salteños principally demarcated cosmopolitan civil identities against the national lower class. Furthermore, by sketching the transnational spatial imagery through which middle class informants rejected state politics, the paper complements Latin Americanist theory that depicts insurgent citizenship as a monopoly of the poor.

Key words: citizenship; political identity; Argentina; class; post-neoliberalism


The Mexican Drug War’s Collateral Damages on Women

by Evelyn Salinas

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 2: 30-52

doi: 10.22151/ELA.2.1.2

This paper examines the Mexican drug war from a postcolonial and feminist perspective. The postcolonial framework serves to expose how the U.S.-led War on Drugs is a new instrument of colonial practice that allows the U.S. to maintain a political and economic sphere of influence in Latin America. In addition the feminist perspective enables to examine how the collateral damages of this drug war affect people different depending on the intersection of their sex, gender, race or class. Consequently women have become more vulnerable to be the target of rape, kidnapping and human trafficking. Moreover, even though men engage more often with drug cartels women are more likely to be imprisoned for drug offenses. Focusing on women in this particular situation serves to explain that the drug trade is more than just a problem of criminality. It is an issue that stems from social and economic injustices.

Key words: Collateral damages of the drug war; feminist and postcolonial theory; Mexican drug war; War on Drugs; women and drug war


 Familia, trabajo y sociedad en el proceso de reintegración de mujeres desmovilizadas

by Elizabeth Camargo Alzate 

Encuentro Latinoamericano, 2: 53-77

doi: 10.22151/ELA.2.1.3

Este artículo es el resultado de la investigación realizada para mi trabajo de grado presentado para optar al título de Politóloga. El objetivo es explorar el estado del proceso de reintegración individual de mujeres, centrándose en la fase de reintegración económica y social, identificando sus dificultades y límites para dar algunas recomendaciones a partir de las experiencias de cinco mujeres desmovilizadas, dos funcionarias de la Agencia Colombiana para la Reintegración y una mujer dedicada a emplear a desmovilizados. Los principales hallazgos de esta investigación se clasificaron en tres dimensiones. En la dimensión personal se hace referencia a las barreras que impone la sociedad civil para el proceso de reintegración social de las desmovilizadas. En la dimensión productiva se identifican las dificultades que tienen en su proceso de reintegración económica. Finalmente, en la dimensión familiar se analiza la participación de sus hijos y sus familias en el proceso de reintegración.

Key words: Armed conflict; demobilization; women; peace process; reinsertion; reintegration


Call for Papers: Encuentro Latinoamericano