Encuentro Latinoamericano, Vol. 4 No. 1
Publication date: September 2017
Responsible: The IAPSS Academic Department, represented by Paulo Duarte, Editor-in-Chief of Encuentro Latinoamericano and Max Steuer, Head of the Academic Department.
Copyright © 2017 International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS). All rights reserved.
Included in this issue
by Bruna Soares de Aguiar
The development debate in Latin America is presented by several types of bias. In this article, the theme will be addressed in the light of the thematic of gender. In addition to the feminist critiques, the social-liberalism structure, which perpetuates the reality of the marginalization of women in the region, will be analyzed. In a context in which the development model has traditionally been transferred from the Center and the pattern of capitalist power is maintained in Latin American society, femicide is delimited as the summit of female exclusion, taking into account the power relations and gender performances inserted in the process. To achieve this goal, quantitative data on femicide rates in Latin America and bibliographical review on the subject will be presented.
Development, Feminicide, Gender, Pattern of Capitalist Power, Power Relationships
by Luigi Cino
Latin America and the Caribbean have experienced several attempts of regional integration. In 2010, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) was founded, which was accompanied by a proposal to make the Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) the legislative arm of the new organization. The aim of this research is to fill an empty space in the comparative regional literature, comparing this institution with the European Parliament and investigate their roles in regional integration processes, together with the potential of the Parlatino from the neoinstitutionalist point of view. For the analysis of the institutional arrangement of the two parliaments, the study is based on a comparative scheme to be able to conclude firmly whether the EU experience provides a useful model for the Parlatino.
Latin America, Caribbean, European Parliament, Parlatino, Regional integration, Neoinstitutionalism
by Alejandro Marcelo Liberman
Encuentro Latinoamericano, 4 (1): 42-62
This paper analyzes new participation and its impact on the local government in the city of Buenos Aires. Applying qualitative methodology, particularly in the first and only case study of its kind, this paper offers a description and evaluation of the institutional process designed to engage organized civil society, and to increase collaboration with new forms of mediation within the new participatory framework of representative local democracy in place since 1996. Specifically, the local Strategic Planning Council will be evaluated and appraised via an analysis of the goals and fulfillment of the general strategic plan for the period 2004 to 2010.
City of Buenos Aires, Collaboration, Local government, Mediation, Organized civil society (OCS), Participatory democracy, Strategic planning council (SPC)
by Juliana Pinto Lemos da Silva
Encuentro Latinoamericano, 4 (1): 63-81
This paper investigates the impact of NGOs on Brazilian diplomacy during Lula’s administration, using shaming as a strategy to place Human Rights violating regimes under the spotlight, but also to pressure their allies. The hypothesis is that NGOs are necessary for the debate about shaming Human Rights violators, but not sufficient to trigger a change of Brazil‘s position on the country’s ties with violators. I investigate the importance of NGOs in transnational advocacy networks and the preferences of Brazilian foreign policy from 2003 to 2010. Finally, I analyze cases in which Brazil was criticized by NGOs for having “friendly” ties with countries accused of being violators of Human Rights. The findings show that Brazilian diplomacy was against the international scrutiny of countries violating Human Rights, highlighting dialogue and cooperation as a better strategy to improve Human Rights records.
Brazilian foreign policy, Human Rights, NGOs, Shaming, Transnational advocacy networks
by Andres Sandoval
Encuentro Latinoamericano, 4 (1): 83-85