Politikon, Vol. 31
Publication Date: October 2016
Responsible: The IAPSS Academic Department, represented by Jaroslava Barbieri, Editor-in-Chief of Politikon and Max Steuer, Head of the Academic Department.
Copyright © 2016 International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS). All rights reserved.
Included in this issue
by Thales Torres Quintão
This research aims to map and analyze the institutional designs of the parliamentary ombudsman in Brazil and the pattern of action that prevails from his/her relationship with the public. A qualitative approach was used for this case study, focusing on document analysis of formal resolutions of state assemblies as well as the information provided on their websites. A case study of the Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais (ALMG) was also created in order to better understand how the work of the ombudsman is structured and how the interactions of such with other officials may be relevant to his/her performance. The case study determined that the parliamentary ombudsman is constituted as an access mechanism for citizens, amplifying the opportunities for them to present their demands. However, the ombudsman is neither a communication nor a participation channel.
Accountability, Institutional Design, Parliamentary Ombudsman, Political Participation
by Christoph Steinert
This study investigates how societal preferences impact policy choices in the trade-off between exchange rate stability and monetary policy autonomy. Building on the theoretical approach of economic pluralism, it is argued that the size and strength of different economic actors are the central determinants for monetary policy outcomes. Times-series cross-sectional regression analysis and a fixed effect model are used to analyse the predictors for domestic monetary policy outcomes in a timespan from 1960 up to 2010 (N=467). The results suggest that the size of the export sector, the banking sector and the share of workers to gross capital formation are the central determinants for monetary policy outcomes. Being in line with economic pluralism, the finding stands in contrast to the previous assumption that the partisan character of governments plays the decisive role. This implies a dominance of lobby groups over government discretion in monetary policy choices.
Economic pluralism; exchange rate stability; government discretion; government ideology; monetary policy; monetary policy autonomy; Mundell-Fleming trilemma
by Kristin Eichhorn
During the 1990s, research in the political sciences within the framework of the transition paradigm focused mainly on democratization and consolidation. However, in recent years a growing debate concerning the decline of democratic quality and breakdown of democracies has emerged. In this paper, the collapse of electoral democracies (referred to as re-autocratizations) will be operationalized using a minimalistic conception of democracy and analyzed globally in the timeframe from 1996 to 2013 using logistic regression. Significant effects for economic growth rates and governance performance are found.
Breakdown of democracy, re-autocratization, regime change, transformations, transitions, logistic regression analysis