Guest Post by Alberto Vélez Valdés, Vice-Chair of the Student Research Committee on International Law and Governance.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals 2030 is more than a resolution signed by the country member of the United Nations Organization. The 2030 Agenda implies a multilateral commitment of cooperation between different sectors: national and local governments, civil society, the private sector, universities, etc. However, there are at least three challenges that countries must take to achieve this multilateral commitment that serves as a means to build a sustainable global governance.
In the context of a global commitment such as the 2030 Agenda, governance serves to understand how countries interact to achieve their goals. Governance can be understood according to Kaufmann (2010: 3) as the authority exercised in a country through traditions and institutions, which includes three areas: the process of election, monitoring and replacement of a government, the ability to effectively formulate public policies, and the respect of citizens and the state to the institutions that govern social and economic interactions between them. In an international approach, global governance can be interpreted as the authorities of the countries interacting through treaties, in order to collaborate for a sustainable development agenda.
Two years after being signed by the member countries of the UN, the 2030 Agenda includes goals whose achievement transcends three or more terms of an average national government. This is complex because usually, the governments’ main priority is to provide the population with short-term results; instead, its second priority is to leave a legacy for which it is remembered through public policies whose impact is reflected in future generations.
An advantage of the 2030 Agenda with respect to the Millennium Development Goals is a greater legitimacy. Nowadays the countries have a greater capacity to call for cooperation among them and key actors, since the goals and targets were carried out based on consultations and public forums.
Finally, the UN High–Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, a mechanism to monitor the progress of the 2030 Agenda, has the challenge of designing a standard to evaluate the goals achievement, rather than receiving self-assessment reports by countries. The role of this mechanism can be as a repository of plans, budgets and public policies accredited with the approach of sustainable development. This will be a kind of radar to know if the global governance towards the sustainable development of nations is on the right track.