Politikon, Vol. 34
Publication Date: October 2017
Responsible: The IAPSS Academic Department, represented by Jaroslava Barbieri, Editor-in-Chief of Politikon and Max Steuer, Head of the Academic Department.
Copyright © 2017 International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS). All rights reserved.
Included in this issue
by Lukas Schmid
The world today is ruptured by regressing notions of collective identity, seemingly abandoning the hard-fought progress made during the last seven decades. This development hinges on people’s current inclination to relapse into pre-political identities of culture and nation. However, constitutional patriotism suggests that societies are capable of creating identificatory ties between their members without regard to culture, but through common allegiance to shared norms. In this paper, I introduce the reader to this abstractly-sounding concept, and subsequently juxtapose it with the communitarian objection that constitutional patriotism is ipso facto unable to create the ‘glue’ that holds citizens together. I highlight one example of this criticism and treat it as a stand-in for the general communitarian objection. Finally, I present some arguments countering this criticism, concluding that constitutional patriotism may be the only form of patriotism inclusive enough to cater to the fundamental needs of modern societies.
Collective Identity, Constitutional Patriotism, Communitarianism, Habermas, Immigration, Multiculturalism, Norms
by Kevin Stevenson
The European Union today is a cosmopolitan entity that functions in conjunction with political parties. This reliance on parties is one example of cosmopolitanism’s need to replicate the nation-state at supranational and intergovernmental levels. Maintaining the European Union as its case study, this paper explores the plausibility and requirements for demoicracy adoption as the form of governance for the European Union. This paper reveals that demoicracy can permit partyless governance to a greater extent than cosmopolitanism. This not only exposes the concomitant relationship between parties and cosmopolitanism, but also the benefits of partyless governance. The paper informs that parties need to be avoided due to a hindrance of citizen representation. To deepen our understanding of this notion, parties and cosmopolitanism are examined in the paper as extensions of the project of modernity.
Cogito, Cosmopolitanism, Demoicracy, European Union, Modernity, Phenomenology
by Gabriel Bell
The threat of violence alongside the deep-rooted fear of falling into old patterns of animosity and violence have pushed the international community towards stringent controversial approaches regarding international conflicts. R2P initially started as a call on states to respect international policies pertaining to human rights within their own sovereign territories and to intervene when these rights are threatened. Currently, R2P has evoked controversial responses from the international community which have resulted in undesirable situations which include the violation of international law as well as the death of countless innocent civilians alongside public property. By researching the procedure behind intervention into numerous conflicts, as well as the legal aspect of intervention as an acceptable foreign policy, R2P as a response to conflicts will be scrutinized with the aims of arriving at a practical and response to the legalities of international intervention into conflicts.
Conflict, Global Community, Intervention, Iraq, NATO, Peace Building, R2P, The Former Yugoslavia, UN
by Cesare Marco Scartozzi
The Fourth Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations has extensively used the instrument of petitions as a tool of inquiry on Non-Self-Governing Territories (NSGTs). Despite a surge in recent years in the number of petitioners speaking on behalf of NSGTs, there has been no detailed investigation of the practice accepting petitions and granting oral hearings in the Committee. This study fills a gap in the literature by defining the legal framework and the shortcomings of the practice. It raises important questions about the usefulness of petitions as a tool of inquiry, and it shows how this practice has introduced a double standard on human rights within the UN system and created legal imbalances among member states of the Fourth Committee.
Decolonization, Fourth Committee, Petitions, Revitalization of the General Assembly, United Nations