Politikon, Vol. 38
Publication Date: September 2018
Responsible: The IAPSS Academic Department, represented by Max Steuer, Editor-in-Chief of Politikon and Mihai Sebastian Chihaia, Head of the Academic Department.
Copyright © 2018 International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS). All rights reserved.
Included in this issue
by James Ferencsik
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), an intergovernmental body accountable to the Finance Ministers from its member states, has been at the forefront of the war to counter terrorist financing (CTF). It has issued nine recommendations and “named and shamed” those who have failed to comply. While this strategy has convinced all states or countries, except North Korea, to cooperate, the effectiveness of the recommendations still remains unclear. This article seeks to answer the question: is compliance with the FATF recommendations associated with a) fewer terrorist attacks and b) a lower proportion of attacks using expensive weaponry? Through analysis of 138 countries’ records of FATF compliance and terror attacks, this article finds neither a statistically significant relationship between compliance and the number of attacks nor between compliance and the cost of attacks. These results cast doubt upon the FATF recommendations’ effectiveness recommendations and the global war on terrorist financing.
Counter-Terrorism; Financial Regulation; International Organizations; Terrorism; War on Terror
by Gayane Shakhmuradyan
This article examines how electoral alliances were formed in the 2017 parliamentary elections in the Republic of Armenia. It hypothesizes that alliances were formed among parties that are ideologically compatible and could not individually overcome the electoral threshold. Contrary to the established theory in the field, the data collected and analyzed from February to May 2018 reveal that ideological and programmatic similarities were not the primary factor that influenced the party leaders’ decision to cooperate with others. Instead, parties converged because of the short-term objectives of overcoming the electoral threshold and gaining more seats in the parliament.
Electoral Alliances; Electoral Rule and Threshold; Experience of Cooperation; Ideology; Parliamentary Elections; Parties; Party Platforms; Republic of Armenia
by Alexander Stoffel
This article grapples with the inability of Critical Security Studies (CSS) to see and account for violence against queer people. It locates the absence of theorizing on anti-queer violence within existing critical security approaches in the failure to apprehend them as intelligible subjects or livable lives. It demonstrates these theoretical limitations through an exploration of Foucauldian frameworks within CSS, which inform dominant approaches to understanding violence. It also argues that the inability of CSS to account for anti-queer violence can be traced back to the presumption of an intelligible subject of violence on which any theoretical framework necessarily relies. The impossibility to account for anti-queer violence, due to the very nature of ‘queerness’, provides fruitful avenues for thought within CSS. This article therefore is a call for critical security scholars to take the challenge of unintelligible life seriously.
Biopower; Critical Security Studies; Disciplinary Power; Judith Butler; Michel Foucault; Queer Theory; Subjectivity; Unintelligibility; Violence
by David W. Choi
Democracy; Diversity; Economy; Liberalism; Media; Populism